Identityserver4 Password Reset

In this article you will learn to enable password reset so that users can reset their passwords and specify a new password. Create password history class to hold password history information. Database Gen Script: IdentityServer4 Database¶. An unhandled exception occurred while processing the request. Windows Password Unlocker is one of the best Windows Password Recovery tool. Before reading this document, it's suggested to run the application and explore the user interface as described in the Getting Started document. Mobile authentication with Xamarin. 注:OpenID Connect 为什么没有基于OAuth2的Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant和Client Credentials Grant扩展,Resource Owner Password Credentials Grant是需要应用提供账号密码的,账号密码都有了在获取Id Token意义不大。Client Credentials Grant没有用户的参与所以获取Id Token 也没意义。. Imagine you have purchased a SaaS application that supports "normal" OpenID Connect. An API driven, cloud-native open source IAM solution for Customer IAM. For more information on how to enable reset password please see this article. NET Core July 3, 2016 September 3, 2017 6 Minutes Big, important announcement regarding ASP. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Vladyslav’s connections and jobs at similar companies. The Login Page contains a standard Bootstrap Username/Password form with labels, placeholders and help text, which initially looks like: What it looks like after submitting an empty form with Server Exception Errors rendered against their respective fields: Form Control Properties. NET Core IdentityServer4 Resource Owner Password Flow with custom UserRepository. If you were trying to reset your password, please verify if you have used the same link as in the mail or you have already reset your passoword using this link. NET related, having worked with ASP. Similar to mod_status, balancer-manager displays the current working configuration and status of the enabled balancers and workers currently in use. Enter the email you used to register the account. NET Identity-based implementation is provided for managing the identity database for users of IdentityServer. 0 / IdentityServer 4 / Angular 8 / Bootstrap 4 / Bootswatch / Angular CLI application template with an end-to-end login, user and role management implementation. The Problem. This document explains how to implement OAuth 2. An archive of the CodePlex open source hosting site. It provides a highly extensible developer-friendly platform to federate, authenticate & manage identities across both enterprise and cloud environments. This document describes how to add SAML support to IdentityServer4 acting as either an identity provider or service provider. NET Core/Angular8 Template with Bootstrap4 $ 29. net identity) and js client. js client application ASP. Identity Server 3 comes with out of the box support for ASP. Click the "Configure" button to access the "Configure" menu. Net : Search in Access Database - DataGridView. It is fully featured with a working login, user and role management as well as other common application features for Quick and Efficient Application Development. RabbitMQ is the most widely deployed open source message broker. config file that denies access to “anonymous” users visiting the site. Read the docs Your documentation can be available privately or publicly. There are two ways to do it depending on whether you want to automate the connection or log in interactively (and not type your password in a plain text script). Microsoft Azure is an open, flexible, enterprise-grade cloud computing platform. InvalidOperationException: Unable to resolve service for type 'Microsoft. The downside to this approach, is that you've now reduced the token lifetime for all workflows. While changing the password, we can prevent the user from entering the previous password. The code generated a reset password token, embedded the token in an email message, and sent the message to a user. Password Recovery in ASP. The identity server website should provide the ability to reset my password; or change my profile information without having access to administrator feature. NET Identity Support¶. # 新增IdentityServer4模板 dotnet new -i IdentityServer4. NET Identity library. 0 The hosting application can be as complex as you want, but we typically recommend to keep the attack surface as small as possible by including authentication related UI only. These are providers for tokens used in things like two-factor authentication, password reset and the like. I am assuming you have the basic understanding of Identity Server. The authorization server signs the token payload with the shared key, and the API validates that incoming tokens are properly signed using the same key. User Management And Authorization Using ASP. In a running application, once the user’s password has been validated (against the persisted password) then the user is logged into the application (typically) with some sort of cookie based mechanism like ASP. In this course, ASP. 3 does not encode the redirect URI on the authorization response page, which might lead to XSS in some configurations. NET Core web application (running on Linux Mint 17) that sends out email? This is mostly so that the application can send out email on new account to confirm the user’s registration, and also to support password reset via email. I want to try pac4j with Spring Boot to authenticate and authorize on the Identity Server 3. NET MVC How to configure Custom Membership Provider using ASP. In this post, a password reset webhook is set up to use an API secured by IdentityServer4. 0 framework for ASP. I have another project which I sometimes use as a boilerplate when working on ideas and I need a simple API for my prototyping. Roles – Use IAM roles for Amazon EC2 instances. Users can create an account and login with a user name and password or they can use an external login provider such as Facebook, Google, Microsoft Account, Twitter or others. Using NuGet and powerful conventions, Octopus Deploy makes it easy to automate releases of ASP. NET Core provides a lot of identity feature out of the box when individual user accounts is selected during project creation. We’ll be creating hybrid authentication flow to implement refresh token using grant types Resource Owner Password Credentials(ROPC) and Refresh Token. Reset Identity Column Value in SQL Server Lowell Heddings @lowellheddings March 7, 2007, 1:06pm EDT If you are using an identity column on your SQL Server tables, you can set the next insert value to whatever value you want. Furthermore, notice that resource owner password grant doesn't provide consent and doesn't support MFA either. If you run docker commands and tasks under a different username than the one used to set up shared drives, your containers don’t have permissions to access the mounted volumes. This tutorial contains more details and will show you how to set up email for. OpenID Connect Auth Provider "OpenID Connect (OIDC) is an authentication layer on top of OAuth 2. I have look at many examples and documentation on the web as PrimeNG manually invoke FileUpload,. Authenticate(userName, password, out userrow); I want to save this userrow as a claim withing the validateuser method provided the above db call returns true. IdentityServer4就是这样一个框架,IdentityServer4是为ASP. Free Admin Panel for IdentityServer4 administration The only Bootstrap Admin UI you need to create your Single Sign On solution. Let's try to implement it. We are going to use ASP. Azure Active Directory is a hosted identity solution, so there is far less setup (especially if like me, you discover that to your surprise, you are already using it for Office 365). For more information on how to enable reset password please see this article. NET team, replacing the ASP. 0 framework for ASP. NET Core provides a lot of identity feature out of the box when individual user accounts is selected during project creation. Once it does, click “OK” to create the project. Show top sites Show top sites and my feed Show my feed. - Implement some time tolerance (client and server might not have the exact same time). However when I try to manage the database I am asked for a password. It is fully featured with a working login, user and role management as well as other common application features for Quick and Efficient Application Development. To fully log the user in the authentication API must produce a subject and a name that represent the user. IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. Net Identity Invalid Token for password reset or email confirmation Posted on May 3, 2015 May 3, 2015 by trailmax I’m an avid user on StackOverflow in questions about Asp. Identity Server: Usage from Angular This post is a continuation of a series of posts that follow my initial looking into using IdentityServer4 in ASP. Create Password Click here to create it. Abstract: In this article, we will secure an ASP. NET Identity example) tend to do this: The Password Reset Token ("Code") is passed to the page via the URL in the e-mail and "magically" posted along the new password. Database Gen Script: IdentityServer4 Database¶. Move faster, do more, and save money with IaaS + PaaS. 0 framework for ASP. IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. GraphClient ‘Insufficient privileges to complete the operation’ in UpdateAsync (password reset) I’m trying to apply ‘Reset password’ in my security application. Net : Search in Access Database - DataGridView. Actually strangely a reset keeping user files also remembered my network locations (logged in to WiFi without having to type in password again) and actually reintroduced a permission problem with the DHCP service that I was trying to fix with the reset. In this section I'm going to explain how we can use IdentityServer4 to not only secure our API, but also our Asp. NET MVC Custom Membership Password Hashing based on SALT key using SHA-3 Algorithm How to configure Custom Membership and Role Provider using ASP. NET Core Identity (app. Get a quote Reviewers say compared to WSO2 Identity Server, ManageEngine Password Manager Pro is:. Confirm the anti-forgery state token. Setting up the IdentityServer4 Provider. With tens of thousands of users, RabbitMQ is one of the most popular open source message brokers. Before reading this document, it's suggested to run the application and explore the user interface as described in the Getting Started document. The necessary parts for this solution are IdentityServer4 implementation, AdminUI 2. Roles – Use IAM roles for Amazon EC2 instances. In this course, ASP. I'm trying to configure IdentityServer4 with docker but I cannot make it work. NET Framework. Typically, in a Line of Business (LOB) application, using Web API is a standard practice. To gain access, ask these users to reset their passwords from the Zendesk sign in page. IdentityServer4 is now available for and aligned with ASP. Open user security settings Sign in to your Google Admin console. So someone shows up and enters [email protected] Openshift, a Kubernetes-as-a-Paas service, is increasingly being considered as an alternative to managed kubernetes platforms such as those from Tectonic, Rancher, etc and vanilla native kubernetes implementations such as those provided by Google, Amazon and even Azure. In a running application, once the user’s password has been validated (against the persisted password) then the user is logged into the application (typically) with some sort of cookie based mechanism like ASP. NET Core Identity hash format. Furthermore, notice that resource owner password grant doesn't provide consent and doesn't support MFA either. 143965;Etherpad-Lite 1. 1 Identity system, if the credentials are valid and the email is confirmed we are building an identity for the logged in user, this identity will contain all the roles and claims for the. Enter the email you used to register the account. # re: Resetting Entity Framework Migrations to a clean Slate I follow a similar process after every production release where I delete all the migrations, empty the migration history table, re-create the first Create migration and then capture the SQL for the insert into the migration history table to repopulate it. With Let’s Encrypt certificates for NGINX and NGINX Plus, you can have a simple, secure website up and running within minutes. The following are the related posts. Add an Azure AD Identity Provider AADB2C is great, but why not adding an Azure AD provider? We're developing an application where we can have customers with social identities as well as Azure AD identities, it would be great in the AADB2C login page to have an option like "Organization Account". It is a protocol for operating a third-party identity provider (IDP) on top of OAuth 2. If username and password do not match the record in the database authentication exception is thrown; Create UserContext and populate it with user data you need (in our case just username and user privileges) Upon successful authentication delegate creation of JWT Token to AjaxAwareAuthenticationSuccessHandler. It uses already familiar tools and implements best practices around them to provide you a SOLID development experience. In IdentityServer3, we used the user service for both interactive as well as non-interactive authentication. Submit Cancel Cancel. Next, you have to change the initial password of this new user. An email is sent to the user with a URL which directs the user to a screen where he/she can enter a new password. Implementing a single sign-on for a set of a company's business applications isn't hard if they are all new applications, especially if you use WS-Federation and and Identity server such as Thinktecture. It displays validation messages for invalid fields when the submit button is clicked. across the entire enterprise. Reset your password. Okta Documentation. It saves your time by providing pre-built and working pages and a strong infrastructure. NET Core MVC app with Visual Studio Getting started with ASP. 0 and token authentication functionality on ASP. Caso esteja tudo em ordem o usuário poderá alterar a sua senha. 1 Identity system, if the credentials are valid and the email is confirmed we are building an identity for the logged in user, this identity will contain all the roles and claims for the. IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. NET Identity Support¶. I won't detail them all here, but you'll need view models and views to cover all the basic functionality (register, reset, login, etc…): Step Seven - AccountController. net identity for that. NET Core Identity and password hashing. Azure AD B2C (Business to Consumer) In this episode of the Azure AD and Identity Show, your host, Simon May, talks to Stuart Kwan of the Identity Division about how Azure AD B2C can help you manage co. I'm trying to use Identity Server 4 in docker (asp. – till Mar 19 '17 at 18:15. 0 finally with a lot of improvements (email confirmation, two factor authentication, password reset, account lockout, etc). They are sponsoring the blog feed this week. Cognito Identity Pool or Cognito Federated Identities is a service that uses identity providers (like Google, Facebook, or Cognito User Pool) to secure access to other AWS resources. Thanks for the update and I'm actually working on the ID4 and need to do the transition once it's complete. It's important to note that in my case, users do not need to be able to change, reset, or otherwise manage their user account password through the web interface, as they have a separate existing process in place for that. Href: The URL for the href of the link. For Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition , if you configure SGD to use the administrator bind DN for password updates, additional configuration might be needed for SGD to handle. 0, an authorization framework. GeneratePasswordResetToken for tokens in the email that would be sent. This tutorial contains more details and will show you how to set up email for. Templates # 新建项目 dotnet new is4empty -n IdentityServer # 添加到解决方案 dotnet sln add. Another good option is OpenIddict. During the course of a traditional login, users are authenticated (via a username and password), and then access is authorized based on that authentication and access control rules. Password history table will be created from this class. UserTokenProvider = new EmailTokenProvider(). He has now been using this one for 2 months, and while setting up his user account, he logged on to his Azure AD account and during the account setup process joined it to the Azure AD domain. In this course, ASP. NET for over 15 years. Out of the box, it provides some very nice features that can get you started very quickly. That sample is where it appears are the bits that deal with login abuse prevention and also have the self-service functions such as password reset, and other account management. More ways to. IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. The only Bootstrap Admin UI you need to create your Single Sign On solution. Here's the common steps of the token based authentication: user requests access by using username / password; application provides a signed token to the client; client stores that token and sends it along with every request; server verifies token and responds with data;. It allows Clients to verify the identity of the End-User based on the authentication performed by an Authorization Server, as well as to obtain basic profile information about the End-User in an interoperable and REST-like manner. A basic example of this is a Forgotten Password request using ASP. It is a protocol for operating a third-party identity provider (IDP) on top of OAuth 2. IdentityServer Hosted on port 5000. Custom Authentication and Authorization in ASP. What is ASP. In most of the real world cases you would like to confirm that the email address entered by the user at the time of creating the account genuinely belongs to him. Forgot you password Click here to reset it. You can easily build a User and Role management for you MVC 5 site that is using ASP. To know more, refer to its documentation here. Let's try to implement it. I'm trying to configure IdentityServer4 with docker but I cannot make it work. We have already addressed how to securely hash a password and check username and password on login. He has now been using this one for 2 months, and while setting up his user account, he logged on to his Azure AD account and during the account setup process joined it to the Azure AD domain. Cancel Login. By using password synchronization and user-based password change management, you can: Reduce the number of different passwords users have to remember. Login Cancel. To fully log the user in the authentication API must produce a subject and a name that represent the user. Identity Server: Usage from Angular This post is a continuation of a series of posts that follow my initial looking into using IdentityServer4 in ASP. MFA – Enable MFA for privileged users. NET Core with Docker Swarm so you can add TLS to your ASP. I used the number 1. 0 framework for ASP. In this section I'm going to explain how we can use IdentityServer4 to not only secure our API, but also our Asp. Amazon Cognito User Pool is a service that helps manage your users and the sign-up and sign-in functionality for your mobile or web app. NET Framework. config file that denies access to “anonymous” users visiting the site. The form submit event is bound to the onSubmit() method of the login component. NET Core with the help of ASP. Enter your username, and if you have an email address associated with your account, you will recieve a message containing instructions to reset your password. Remember My Login. For Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition , if you configure SGD to use the administrator bind DN for password updates, additional configuration might be needed for SGD to handle. A single Apple ID and password gives you access to all Apple services. If you request a password reset email, an encrypted URL will be sent in the email for you to click on. A basic example of this is a Forgotten Password request using ASP. This is something about to be enabled for App Service Mobile Apps, but as of right now it is not available through the basic LoginAsync("aad") flow. The NuGet client tools provide the ability to produce and consume packages. Selecting the link will take them to the Reset page. NET Core MVC and Visual Studio Adding a controller. He works for Madgex developing and supporting their data products built using. NET Core web application (running on Linux Mint 17) that sends out email? This is mostly so that the application can send out email on new account to confirm the user’s registration, and also to support password reset via email. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. No Role based login, a simple login with custom password hashing and user details. 03/11/2019; 14 minutes to read +14; In this article. NET Identity example) tend to do this: The Password Reset Token ("Code") is passed to the page via the URL in the e-mail and "magically" posted along the new password. This will help you to have a better understanding of the concepts defined here. NET blog and demonstrated how you could leverage ASP. For registration, the user's email address and password is required. Authenticate the user. IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. Add "IdentityServer4": "1. The instructions. To find out whether your browser supports Javascript. NET Core Application on a Mac Using Visual Studio Code Building Your First Web API with ASP. 509 certificates on Windows is, well, a pain in the ass. Create password history class to hold password history information. NET Identity implementation as its user store. NET ZERO? ASP. Before reading on, I wanted you to know that I created a working sample for you just in case my explanation wasn't adequate. NET MVC4 with external login like facebook, yahoo , google or other relying party accounts. x, and a protected resource (API) that will act as the webhook. The code generated a reset password token, embedded the token in an email message, and sent the message to a user. Create your Apple ID. Disclaimer: I have been working with content management systems for a very long time (Microsoft Content Management Server anyone 😊), but Umbraco was pretty new to me. You need a DBContext; this provides an abstraction for EF and allows it to work out how to create your DB, etc. Implement single sign-on for your hybrid environment by configuring password hash synchronization or using federation solutions such as Active Directory Federation Services. NET Zero is a base solution to create new web applications with a modern UI and solid architecture. IdentityServer v3 and Windows Authentication Overview As I was searching for how to use Windows authentication with IdentityServer v3, it was very hard to find a result, or a clue how to apply it, there were no OWIN plugins that provide Windows authentication easily. ID4 needs data to configure the Client Applications and their Authorization Flows. If you don’t use this link within 3 hours, it will expire. 0 application with Core Identity step by step. These allow the login view to provide the user custom links to other web pages that they might need to visit before they can login (such as a registration page, or a password reset page). IdentityServer4 Documentation, Release 1. Imagine you have purchased a SaaS application that supports "normal" OpenID Connect. GENERAC COMPANIES. Remember My Login. 0, Span , stackalloc, and other newer. It’s time for SSO, and no one offers more flexibility to meet your enterprise’s needs than Ping. NET Identity library. With Let’s Encrypt certificates for NGINX and NGINX Plus, you can have a simple, secure website up and running within minutes. The guidance from the B2C team here is that after the password reset flow completes, an app should immediately trigger the sign in flow again. Selecting the link will take them to the Reset page. Balancer Manager. With the use of IdentityServer4, we just need to create a login and logout page (and maybe consent), and rest of the things can be done by IdentityServer4 middleware. An archive of the CodePlex open source hosting site. On some LDAP directories, password change operations performed using the administrator bind DN are treated as a password reset rather than a change operation. They are sponsoring the blog feed this week. NET Identity enforces a minimum password length of 6 characters. Authenticate the user. Next, you have to change the initial password of this new user. but its seems to be the only way to send both file and form data is to append each form data field to file data as on fetch post with multipart form data. …aaand voila you now have the ServerSSL certificate files. 0 - This tutorial covers requirements for ASP. Next, you go to portal. If you don’t use this link within 3 hours, it will expire. Reset Windows Passwords for Windows Admin and Users. The volumes show as empty. Learn More. 2" as a dependency in the app's project. Using a different provider. The user might see the Okta dashboard after authenticating using a Service Provider-initiated login flow. In this section you will add some information to the Service Provider so they know how to send SAML-based authentication requests to Auth0. NET Framework. Click the "Configure" button to access the "Configure" menu. 0 - This tutorial covers requirements for ASP. Cancel Get New Password Get New Password. GraphClient ‘Insufficient privileges to complete the operation’ in UpdateAsync (password reset) I’m trying to apply ‘Reset password’ in my security application. It is a protocol for operating a third-party identity provider (IDP) on top of OAuth 2. net core , ASPNET5 , Dotnet , MVC , Oauth2 , Security , typescript , web. It saves your time by providing pre-built and working pages and a strong infrastructure. Caso esteja tudo em ordem o usuário poderá alterar a sua senha. Cancel Login. NET's Session. 3 does not encode the redirect URI on the authorization response page, which might lead to XSS in some configurations. Toggle navigation IdentityServer4 Reset Password. Login Cancel. For Oracle Directory Server Enterprise Edition , if you configure SGD to use the administrator bind DN for password updates, additional configuration might be needed for SGD to handle. Get a quote Reviewers say compared to WSO2 Identity Server, ManageEngine Password Manager Pro is:. NET Core Identity. NET Identity is the new membership system for building ASP. Roles – Use IAM roles for Amazon EC2 instances. Local users who forget their password can have a security token sent to their email account, enabling them to reset their password. [username :dinuka password : dinuka] Once you try to log in to the system with specifying the domain, IS will look at the specified domain user store to authenticate the user. AdminUI IdentityServer4 Admin AdminUI offers a couple of webhooks enabling it to tightly integrate with your own custom user onboard or password reset journies. Not completely new, but re-designed. It's important to note that in my case, users do not need to be able to change, reset, or otherwise manage their user account password through the web interface, as they have a separate existing process in place for that. In IdentityServer3, we used the user service for both interactive as well as non-interactive authentication. ID4 needs data to configure the Client Applications and their Authorization Flows. This site requires JavaScript. This should take a moment, and you'll be prompted to "Keep my files" or "Remove everything" - The process will start once one is chosen, your pc will reboot and a clean install of windows will start. Built within Bootstrap 4, Angular 7 and. ActionLink("Reset password", "ForgotPassword"). To demonstrate a simple way this can be achieved, I'm going to walk-through configuring IdentityServer4 to secure an API that will be consumed by an iOS application built with Xamarin Forms. Once the LDAP syntax is correct, a successful bind will show you the directory similar to how it appears in Active Directory. Forgot you password Click here to reset it. NET Framework. First create the IdentityServer4 Database, then run the following script to setup a Database Login Account:. 0 and token authentication functionality on ASP. Amazon Cognito User Pool is a service that helps manage your users and the sign-up and sign-in functionality for your mobile or web app. The only Bootstrap Admin UI you need to create your Single Sign On solution. Add "IdentityServer4": "1. ComponentSpace SAML for ASP. Furthermore, notice that resource owner password grant doesn't provide consent and doesn't support MFA either. Amazon Cognito User Pool is a service that helps manage your users and the sign-up and sign-in functionality for your mobile or web app. Azure AD B2C (Business to Consumer) In this episode of the Azure AD and Identity Show, your host, Simon May, talks to Stuart Kwan of the Identity Division about how Azure AD B2C can help you manage co. A basic example of this is a Forgotten Password request using ASP. If you integrated you application with Auth0 using the OpenID Connect (OIDC) protocol, Auth0 takes the value of the state parameter and passes it to Okta using the SAML "RelayState" parameter. x, and a protected resource (API) that will act as the webhook. In the Password and Retype Password boxes, enter the app password instead of your Microsoft account password, and then click Next. Sponsor: A big thank you to my friends at Octopus Deploy. The downside to this approach, is that you've now reduced the token lifetime for all workflows. With the password blank in the database, the User editor will not display the change password form. You should also then add an section to the same web. If it is a mix of new and existing applications then it helps to sort out any problems if you. At the start of this year, I put together a detailed guide on using JWT authentication with ASP. With NuGet I almost long to add new stuff to my project – it’s a breeze and you almost forget the hustle of keeping track of what’s referenced and not. I am not asked for a a password when creating the database. If the app pool restarts before you get around to clicking that link, the token will not be able to be decrypted and the reset will fail. That's it - go try reset your password for the accounts you already created - all password reset passwords should go through to Mailtrap. NET Membership and Simple Membership libraries. This code is based on An HTML MVC LightSwitch Security Administration that is based on lsWires project by Dale Morrison. One of the core features of NuGet is that it not only install the requested component, it also installs all the dependencies of the component – in the right versions. NET Core web application (running on Linux Mint 17) that sends out email? This is mostly so that the application can send out email on new account to confirm the user’s registration, and also to support password reset via email. NET Core Identity hash format. It seems as I'm. The easiest answer is to make sure each data request is authenticated with tokens received from an identity framework. Cognito Identity Pool or Cognito Federated Identities is a service that uses identity providers (like Google, Facebook, or Cognito User Pool) to secure access to other AWS resources. Take a look here for our article on Cookie Authentication in ASP. In this section I'm going to explain how we can use IdentityServer4 to not only secure our API, but also our Asp. 0, and TLS 1. NET features to improve performance of an application. Mobile authentication with Xamarin. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: