Curl Command In Linux

The traditional Unix environment is a CLI (command line interface), where you type commands to tell the computer what to do. To get cURL for Windows 10, we will use git bash shell which provides useful unix command line tools for Windows. , download a file from the web, or test REST-ful web service APIs), chances are that wget or curl is your go-to tool. This week we're going to cover one command in depth, since it's a pretty important one. With curl commands option O will be used while wget command will be used without any option. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Linux Commands. Curl also supports HTTPS protocol which is secure version of the HTTP. This command is easy to use and can work without user interaction. Click on the command name or the to see a description of the command. On Linux, you can download the Docker Compose binary from the Compose repository release page on GitHub. Introduction curl is a command line tool which is used to transfer data over the internet. The curl command may not be provided as a standard part of your Linux distribution. In my opinion, a PUT can be used for a create if a second PUT with the same data would result in no change and no new record. The command is designed to work without user interaction or any kind of interactivity. Example:1 Using. It’s a little like wget. cURL is pre-installed on many Linux and Mac systems. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use the curl command to connect via a proxy server on the Linux system. The way that the URL, what you might consider the main argument for the curl command, can be placed anywhere after the command is not the way that all commands have been designed. 1 man page or the MANUAL document. Unix commands: The joy of curl The curl command is a versatile tool for working with web sites and web applications. curl can be used with a lot of different types of protocols. I am retrieving a file from a website which I may then view with my local machine. Help for Curl Command. In this tutorial, you will learn how to use the curl command to connect via a proxy server on the Linux system. What both commands do. A step-by-step guide with Video Tutorials, Commands, Screenshots, Questions, Discussion forums on wget Command in Linux with Examples | LinuxHelp | Wget, which stands for web get is a command line utility available in Linux and other UNIX like Operating System. It is scriptable and extremely versatile but this makes it quite complicated. There's no need for all this if you're just installing a pre-built binary (see the downloads page for that). In this tutorial, we will discuss one such command - curl - that among other. Please let me know if you have other thoughts or comments on this document. It uses a alias called commands that I mentioned in a previous post about the bash declare command, which makes it possible to declare subcommands implicitly by way of convention. While Web browsers are the primary medium through which users download stuff from the Internet, there are some Linux commands that also let you do this. curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. The AWS CLI introduces a new set of simple file commands for efficient file transfers to and from Amazon S3. Making requests with the Tor network is easy with cURL. A shell pipe supports Unix philosophy of chaining programs thorougher to complete complex task. Download a File. Installation of docker using a native docker script is one command, straight forward process. sudo apt-get install curl libcurl3 libcurl3-dev php5-curl. In many aspects curl is similar to the wget command but curl is more. Add the curl folder path to your Windows PATH environment variable so that the curl command is available from any location at the command prompt. Net namespace March 2, 2018 March 2, 2018 - by Ryan - Leave a Comment 5. If everything is fine, you will see the result embedded in a valid XML soap response. The file will be saved in the current directory. pem file to your C:\curl folder and rename it curl-ca-bundle. Download a range of files. Here's how you can do it using curl command and its telnet functionality. Linux curl Command Examples. Windows Command Prompt LS Equivalent Dir By admin On June 14, 2013 · Leave a Comment Question: What is the equivalent of typing ls to list folders and files in Linux in a Windows command prompt?. The cURL command doesn’t require user interaction, and therefore, can be used extensively inside shell scripts. It is a command line tool for receiving and sending files using URL syntax. With curl commands option O will be used while wget command will be used without any option. HTTPie—aitch-tee-tee-pie—is a command line HTTP client with an intuitive UI, JSON support, syntax highlighting, wget-like downloads, plugins, and more. I know how to use wget command to grab files. It is a command line tool for receiving and sending files using URL syntax. 3 cp Command. using curl command to get list of files in directory via ftps I'm trying to use curl in a shell script to get a list of file names from an ftps site, save the names in a shell variable, then use the file names in another curl command to get the specific file(s) by name. Table of ContentsPrerequisitesInstall Yarn on DebianExamples of Using YarnCreate a new ProjectInstall all dependenciesAdd dependencyRemove dependencyUpdate dependencyConclusion Install Yarn on Linux Mint Yarn is an advanced package management tool for Javascript applications mostly used for Node. This is a noteworthy point as after Installing cURL in Windows to Run cURL Commands, you will find that lot of weblogs and websites are showing screenshots with Syntax Highlighting. Its backing library. 1 ls Command. if you don’t know about curl it can transfer data using various protocols. Ubuntu and Debian. js as well as teach fundamental concepts that are needed to write effective code. There are more than 20+ CURL commands are. A server serves content, which means the ** upload ** speed is extremely important and should not be neglected in a network benchmark test. curl is a very powerful tool for transferring data from or to a server, which support many protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc. Curl is a pretty extensive tool, so check out the man page (see below) if you think you'll be using it a lot. Thanks, Karthik. In traceLog it looked like was redirected back to the login page. I could not install sense as I could not find proper documentation for installing sens on windows. Curl-to-PHP Instantly convert curl commands to PHP code. A step-by-step guide with Video Tutorials, Commands, Screenshots, Questions, Discussion forums on wget Command in Linux with Examples | LinuxHelp | Wget, which stands for web get is a command line utility available in Linux and other UNIX like Operating System. You can use them interchangeably. However, in the real world, except when debugging, we usually interact with ElasticSearch from our programming language of choice. --checkfor [version] Specify the oldest possible libcurl version string you want, and this script will return 0 if the current installation is new enough or it returns 1 and outputs a text saying that the current version is not new enough. This article shows how to send a SOAP request from command line. The command is designed to work without user interaction. i have a specific curl command that Needs to be sent using C#, and i Need to read the Response from cUrl. Just fire the below command to install. Download URLs From a File. Every website has a unique, public IP address that can be reached by anyone and from anywhere. cUrl is a command line tool that Linux users are more than familiar with. To install pip on Ubuntu, Debian or Linux Mint:. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. The cURL command-line utility comes installed in most Unix Like operating systems, including Linux and Mac OS. Parse JSON data using jq and curl from command line. This week we're going to cover one command in depth, since it's a pretty important one. curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. This is the most simple use of curl. It is free to use, open source, developed and maintained by thousands of contributors from all over the world. This shows how to use the curl command to download a file from the Internet. A Red Hat Enterprise Linux user installs cURL with the following terminal command: yum install curl. The tool comes pre-installed on most Linux/Unix distributions. Thanks !!. Blog Research update: Improving the question-asking experience. 0c nghttp2/1. Git comes with built-in GUI tools (git-gui, gitk), but there are several third-party tools for users looking for a platform-specific experience. Search or find the following : ‘;extension=php_curl. Here are commands I used under Cygwin for four different configurations: curl with http, curl with https, wget with http, and wget with https. I have a Java web application, which runs on Linux and exposes WebServices. Below you will find the step-by-step to installing cURL in Windows , MacOSX and Linux. This is a list of most frequently used linux commands. I am looking for a tool to test a website from a Linux command line. curl is a tool to transfer data from or to a server, using one of the supported protocols (HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, TFTP, DICT, TELNET, LDAP or FILE). curl defaults to displaying the output it retrieves to the standard output specified on the system (usually the terminal window). MSYS , a contraction of "Minimal SYStem", is a Bourne Shell command line interpreter system. At first, the Linux command line may seem daunting, complex and scary. They share a lot of features and can easily get many of the same tasks accomplished. The curl command is a tool to retrieve information and files from Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) or internet addresses. First Download cURL for Windows, its a compressed. Oracle JVM download using curl/wget. Not only can we make regular requests, but we. After restarting Apache manual installation of Curl command on Debian Linux server is over and you can start to use it. Thanks, Karthik. The name stands for "Client URL". Linux curl & wget. A good start is to use the curl command with the -I flag to view just the Web page's header and HTTP status code. So, I don't think that it's something realtime specific, just a way to get or put information to an URL. A Red Hat Enterprise Linux user installs cURL with the following terminal command: yum install curl. When using HTTPS on Windows, ensure that your system meets the cURL requirements for SSL. To securely utilize the newest platform features like message buttons & the Events API, build internal integrations as part of a Slack app just for your team instead. 4001 was released. Apart from connected sockets it can also list listening sockets that are waiting for incoming connections. if you don't know about curl it can transfer data using various protocols. How to execute PHP scripts automatically using Cron + Curl Share Tweet Share Share Vote There are times when you need to schedule some daily or weekly task to be executed on the server side, like mass mailing, heavy mysql queries or generate content for your webpage, in those cases the best thing you could do is use Linux cronjobs. April 16, 2013: Curl supports Internet Explorer 10 on Windows7: January 22, 2013: Curl supports Windows 8 with the release of Curl. These tools come in handy on headless systems where there's no GUI. Questions are collected, answered and audited by experienced Linux users. CURL’s command line options include two very useful switches, -I and -L: -I : when used, CURL prints only the server response’s HTTP headers, instead of the page data. Of course, if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, you can always contact and ask our expert Linux admins (via chat or ticket) about cURL commands and anything related to cURL. cURL is a software package which consists of command line tool and a library for transferring data using URL syntax. This is right but if we are speaking about the latest version of Kali linux it is not Kali linux 2. curl is a command line tool used to transfer data to and from a server. Browse other questions tagged linux shell ssl curl https or ask your own question. 2- tcptrack command. Curl utility in Linux is used to transfer files to or from a server using protocols like HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, SCP, SFTP etc. Learn How to use Curl Command in Linux with Examples. cUrl is a command line tool that Linux users are more than familiar with. You can easily test a a website availability from the Linux command line and get the status codes from the web-server using commands like TELNET or CURL. Find out how to install Curl by reading the INSTALL document. But before we use it for our purposes, let's take a look at two which would make our lives easier. One can easily install and use the curl command on a Ubuntu Linux using the apt command or apt-get command to use the curl. Save the file with a default file name. Resume an Interrupted Download. Option 1 : enable CURL via the php. If you attach to a running container with an interactive bash shell, you can run the tools locally. -b BYTE-LIST--bytes=BYTE-LIST Print only the bytes in positions listed in BYTE-LIST. We'll keep things fairly simple and show three examples to make a POST. If everything is fine, you will see the result embedded in a valid XML soap response. This CURL Command is an useful Terminal command line utility and mainly used to download and upload from to the server. This includes both code snippets embedded in the card text and code that is included as a file attachment. Browse other questions tagged linux shell ssl curl https or ask your own question. Linux wget command help and information with wget examples, syntax, related commands, and how to use the wget command from the command line. The cURL command doesn’t require user interaction, and therefore, can be used extensively inside shell scripts. I thought I’d post quickly about automating FTP using explicit TLS/SSL with cURL. curl vs Wget. To install cURL by using the yum install command, perform the following steps. You can do something similar with the telnet command, connecting to a website on port 80, and then using the HTTP HEAD command, but I've found that second curl command much easier to remember. Add the curl folder path to your Windows PATH environment variable so that the curl command is available from any location at the command prompt. Edit This Page. exe from src/ folder to your desired directory. Tools are really helpful but there are times where you can't use tools. You can easily test a a website availability from the Linux command line and get the status codes from the web-server using commands like TELNET or CURL. Similar to Curl, there is another command-line utility Wget that can be used to download files and content from the web. It supports numerous protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, DICT, FILE, … Continue reading "Linux cURL Commands: Quick Tutorial". org is a web site devoted to helping users of legacy operating systems discover the power of Linux. Curl offers a lot of useful tricks such as proxy support, user authentication, FTP upload, HTTP post, SSL connections, cookies, file transfer resume, Metalink, and more. For Debian based Linux systems, edit /etc/default/rsync, and set the following line: RSYNC_ENABLE=true. 0 (arm-hisiv400-linux-gnueabi) libcurl/7. How to Check Server Response Time using cURL command line? May 17, 2016 1 Comment linux , linux shell , Virtual Private Server Open any linux command line shell, and type in the following and hit return (remember to substitute the domain URL). --ftp-skip-pasv-ip (FTP) Tell curl to not use the IP address the server suggests in its response to curl's PASV command when curl connects the data connection. For more information about how to use this tool, visit Curl Command Examples. How the curl command works on Linux. Open-source Linux is a popular alternative to Microsoft Windows, and if you choose to use this low-cost or free operating system, you need to know some basic Linux commands to configure, operate, and interact with your system smoothly. Use it to access FTP sites, send emails, connect to SAMBA addresses, upload and download files, and related tasks. How To Extract. We use our own and third-party cookies to provide you with a great online experience. , download a file from the web, or test REST-ful web service APIs), chances are that wget or curl is your go-to tool. Curl utility in Linux is used to transfer files to or from a server using protocols like HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, SCP, SFTP etc. Online curl command line builder. With just one tool to download and configure, you can control multiple AWS services from the command line and automate them through scripts. To install pip on Ubuntu, Debian or Linux Mint:. File issues or pull-requests if you find problems or have improvements. This command is quite similar to iftop command. Installation of docker using a native docker script is one command, straight forward process. This is a bit tricky, because curl do not support that by default, well anyway, you can make use of -X and pass in the REAL FTP command. 15 Tips On How to Use 'Curl' Command in Linux 1. I know how to use wget command to grab files. how can i call web service in ubuntu using shell script by using cURL command. Sending UDP packets from the command line Posted on March 15, 2012 by moy Although is pretty easy to write a perl/python script to send UDP data, I wanted to be able to send a UDP message from the command line to test some code quickly. The purpose of the blog is to teach how to do various tasks in node. It is a file that acts as a container for other files. It providers both the library for creating SSL sockets, and a set of powerful tools for administrating an SSL enabled website. Learn How to use Curl Command in Linux with Examples. --checkfor [version] Specify the oldest possible libcurl version string you want, and this script will return 0 if the current installation is new enough or it returns 1 and outputs a text saying that the current version is not new enough. The objective is to show how to enable and disable PHP curl module with Apache on Ubuntu Linux Operating System and Software Versions Operating System: - Ubuntu 16. So I've decided to start compiling another list of somewhat more involved/esoteric commands. You can connect two or more commands at a time. edu:~ It is often suggested that the -C option for compression should also be used to increase speed. You can use either curl or wget command to send HTTP request from UNIX or Linux operating system. Browse other questions tagged linux shell ssl curl https or ask your own question. Part of Ubuntu Linux For Dummies Cheat Sheet. xml) which has all the soap message attached to it I just don't seem to be able to properly post it. python -m json. So today, I will show you how you can download a file using the command line in Linux. This cheat sheet includes a list of basic and useful Linux commands that every Kali Linux user needs to know. fedora 31 curl fedora 2019 6d7f6fa2c8 20 04 17?rss - double free due to subsequent call of realloc() (CVE-2019-5481) - fix heap buffer overflow in function tftp Fedora 31: curl FEDORA-2019-6d7f6fa2c8 - Linux Security Fedora. @Aziz Could you please elobrate more about this. Wget is a combination of the World Wide Web and the word get. The original goal of the program was to transfer files programmatically via protocols such as http, ftp, gopher, sftp, ftps, scp, tftp, and many others, via a command line interface. One of the most frequent asks we hear across the entire Windows command-line spectrum is "I need curl" and/or "I need tar". Windows® users must have administrator privileges to uninstall the Curl Runtime Environment or the Curl IDE. Curl commands are designed to work as a way to check connectivity to URLs and a as a great tool to transfer data. Unfortunatly when you copy. Linux curl & wget. This can be done by using option -c blowfish in the command line. So, Today we learned how to use curl command line tool with ftp and sftp to transfer the file or data from local to ftp and sftp. Download multiple files. But facing issues when I have to submit multi line commands. (FTP) Tell curl to disable the use of the EPSV command when doing passive FTP transfers. It will then monitor the terminal for any commands. Simply curl or command-line tool and library for transferring data with URLs. Help for Curl Command. In this post I will present how to execute GET, POST, PUT, HEAD, DELETE HTTP Requests against a REST API. edu:~ It is often suggested that the -C option for compression should also be used to increase speed. cURL comes with many features, such as user authentication, proxy, SSL connections, HTTP post, FTP upload, transfer resume, Metalink and more. Let's learn how you can start using it. Please consider my bias towards curl since after all, curl is my baby - but I contribute to Wget as well. Query HTTP Headers. I know how to use wget command to grab files. , download a file from the web, or test REST-ful web service APIs), chances are that wget or curl is your go-to tool. Use the file name "-" to use stdin You can specify one -T for each URL on the command line. curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. Sysadmins and developers issue this command. Parse JSON data using jq and curl from command line. --cflags Set of compiler options (CFLAGS) to use when compiling files that use libcurl. bro pages are concise examples for command line programs; view examples right in the command line, use it like man pages # get examples of how to use curl # results are curated by the community $ # install bropages, make life easier $. Curl is a powerful utility that can use to both download and upload data to servers. Download a range of files. It utilizes various network protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, etc. Move the downloaded packages to your Linux machine. If you want to quickly test your REST api from the command line, you can use curl. Use it to access FTP sites, send emails, connect to SAMBA addresses, upload and download files, and related tasks. But as some of. fedora 31 curl fedora 2019 6d7f6fa2c8 20 04 17?rss - double free due to subsequent call of realloc() (CVE-2019-5481) - fix heap buffer overflow in function tftp Fedora 31: curl FEDORA-2019-6d7f6fa2c8 - Linux Security Fedora. html is the filename and content can be viewed with an editor. Example curl command. Download or visit a single URL. cURL can be used to register and obtain an authorization token and PIN. 04 LTS for describing the procedure. This example for a Yún device shows how to use the Bridge library's Process class to run Linux processes on the AR9331. list file in the editor of your choice. Let's take a look at a few alternatives using the Watson Speech to Text List models method as an example. curl "cURL" is a computer software project that provides a library (libcurl) and a command line tool called curl. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. This tutorial explains about the CURL command in Linux. For more information about the team and community around the project, or to start making your own contributions, start with the community page. The installer includes a command line version of Git as well as the GUI. This command is easy to use and can work without user interaction. Here are commands I used under Cygwin for four different configurations: curl with http, curl with https, wget with http, and wget with https. It was first released in 1997. But i get these errors: [email protected]:~$ curl https://install. html Using -o to curl command and giving a specific file name will save output to that file, Above instance san. Edit This Page. Check a website availability with CURL Execute the following command to check whether a web site is up, and what status message the web server is showing: $ […]. Curl offers a lot of useful tricks such as proxy support, user authentication, FTP upload, HTTP post, SSL connections, cookies, file transfer resume, Metalink, and more. com | sh The program 'curl' is currently not installed. Browse other questions tagged linux shell ssl curl https or ask your own question. Install and Set Up kubectl. We can easily install curl command line download tool to all the Linux Distribution such as Debian, Ubuntu, Mint, RHEL, CentOS, Fedora, suse, openSUSE, Arch Linux, Manjaro, Mageia, etc. So running the command above would, on most systems, display the www. We can download the files from web servers using HTTP, HTTPS and FTP protocols. curl is a very powerful tool for transferring data from or to a server, which support many protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP etc. This tutorial will explain how to download files using cURL, how to upload files using cURL, how to resume interrupted downloads or to use a proxy when downloading files among other tips. 0 (deprecated) but kali rolling The latest ISO is called 2016. May 28 '15 at 6:46. You could execute any of curl instruction from command line section. such as: curl, wget, ssh, apt-get, yum and so on. One of the easiest way is to use pip command line tool. It is also a general-purpose cryptography library. If you want to user a proxy for a Linux command, and you need to set the environment variables http_proxy or https_proxy. (normally located at in the bin folder of your apache install e. Option 1 : enable CURL via the php. In many aspects curl is similar to the wget command but curl is more. Uncomment this by removing the semi-colon ‘;’ before it. exe from src/ folder to your desired directory. Wget is a combination of the World Wide Web and the word get. To open a terminal emulator window, click the Gnome Applications menu and select Accessories → Terminal, then, use these commands:. The server is behind a LB so it's listening for SSL connections on the port 8090. curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. We can easily install curl command line download tool to all the Linux Distribution such as Debian, Ubuntu, Mint, RHEL, CentOS, Fedora, suse, openSUSE, Arch Linux, Manjaro, Mageia, etc. Using Environment Variable. Posted on August 17, 2017 by john | 4,350 views Intro I don’t know the proper command so I do this:. This tutorial explains about the CURL command in Linux. curl command pr | The UNIX and Linux Forums. Check out the basics as well as advanced ls command examples in Linux. curl - How to use curl command on Linux. Among its features: streaming stdin/stdout or working with JSON files, pretty. I’m going to talk about the main Linux commands with their main parameters that you might use daily. I bet you could send the appropriate commands with a program like curl (included in typical linux distributions) but I'm not familiar enough with curl to explain how. GET PIN Registration using cURL. , download a file from the web, or test REST-ful web service APIs), chances are that wget or curl is your go-to tool. Using curl may create some problems. html Using -o to curl command and giving a specific file name will save output to that file, Above instance san. One can easily install and use the curl command on a Ubuntu Linux using the apt command or apt-get command to use the curl. Resume Downloading. cURL is a command line tool that allows you to transfer data to or from the internet and should not be confused with Wget. curl is a tool to transfer data from or to a server, using one of the supported protocols (HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, ). libssh2 is a client-side C library that implements the SSH2 protocol - we need to configure cURL to use this to get SFTP. curl - How to use curl command on Linux. Read more at Linux. 04 running curl 7. Thank you for visiting this page, this page has been update in another link Curl http commands with WebDAV curl rename remote webdav file use case. Download Multiple Files. 4 mv Command. It is also used in cars, television sets, routers, printers, audio equipment, mobile phones, tablets, settop boxes, media players and is the internet transfer backbone for thousands of software applications affecting billions of humans daily. We can also store the output of the command to a file with ‘-o’ option or can also redirect using ‘>’. curl is a client to get documents/files from or send documents to a server, using any of the supported protocols (HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, GOPHER, DICT, TELNET, LDAP or FILE). curl vs Wget. cURL can be used to register and obtain an authorization token and PIN. First of all, the cUrl command. Unix commands: The joy of curl The curl command is a versatile tool for working with web sites and web applications. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and use cURL on a Linux server. @Aziz Could you please elobrate more about this. To install it, download one of the pre-compiled binaries from […]. In this article, we shall look at how you can use the cURL command line tool to perform various tasks. Be careful when using curl_exec() and the CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER option. Install GitLab Runner manually on GNU/Linux. With JSON becoming ubiquitous as an API response format, it is sometimes desirable to parse JSON data from command line. It uses a alias called commands that I mentioned in a previous post about the bash declare command, which makes it possible to declare subcommands implicitly by way of convention. hi, i have curl command to POST a soap request to web service. Edit This Page. The data path which joins two programs is called a pipe. Here you see that bash can be used to string curl request together with logic to carry out the intent of your script. Thank you for visiting this page, this page has been update in another link Curl http commands with WebDAV curl rename remote webdav file use case. curl - How to use curl command on Linux. Download Files. But before we use it for our purposes, let's take a look at two which would make our lives easier. Similar to Curl, there is another command-line utility Wget that can be used to download files and content from the web. (Recommended Read: Useful Linux Commands that you should know) (Also Read: Commands to check System & Hardware Information) Curl command with examples. 1) Install curl on Linux. How the curl command works on Linux. The below CURL commands are tested on Ubuntu 19. It lists out all the tcp, udp socket connections and the unix socket connections. Posted on August 17, 2017 by john | 4,350 views Intro I don’t know the proper command so I do this:. You can use either curl or wget command to send HTTP request from UNIX or Linux operating system. Of course, if you use one of our Linux VPS Hosting services, you can always contact and ask our expert Linux admins (via chat or ticket) about cURL commands and anything related to cURL. If curl can't identify the protocol being used, it will switch to http. @Nan Xiao The perl program is not making a request like curl. For more information about the team and community around the project, or to start making your own contributions, start with the community page. So I've decided to start compiling another list of somewhat more involved/esoteric commands. On an Ubuntu system the package names are as follows. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: