Basic Programming Language Tutorial

js (with Express. It is an object based (not object oriented) language. These first lessons assume no prior knowledge of programming or the C# language. Given the general nature of that question, and the fact that programming is seen as a hideously complex subject, you're probably expecting a highly convoluted and technical answer. com which is an online free programming language tutorial website. Java is the name of a programming language created by Sun Microsystems. There is syntax highlighting, smart completions with IntelliSense, and customizable formatting. NET Framework. Software Design (Java Tutorial) © SERG Software Design Introduction to the Java Programming Language Material drawn from [JDK99,Sun96,Mitchell99,Mancoridis00]. C++ is an extension of C programming language. CAPL, the CAN Access Programming Language, allows you to quickly develop code that makes CANalyzer or CANoe simulations more powerful. • Assignment creates references, not copies • Names in Python do not have an intrinsic type. It is a high-level language, which means a programmer can focus on what to do instead of how to do it. This tutorial is not BASIC or Applesoft BASIC reference or a manual. Stanford CS Education Library This online library collects education CS material from Stanford courses and distributes them for free. Throughout the tutorials we will use the popular IntelliJ IDEA which we've setup in Chapter 1. The notation has evolved from the work of Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson, and the Rational Software Corporation to be used for object-oriented design, but it has since been extended to cover a wider variety of software engineering projects. com/8bitguy1 Visit my website at: www. IFTHEN Evaluates a condition, and if it is true, executes the statement following the THEN. This course is part of the School of Computer Sciences curriculum, and so new visitors should familiarize themselves with the Introduction to Computer Science course before beginning these lessons on programming. It can help you learn Python starting from elementary to advanced levels in simple and easy steps. Easy Robotics Tutorial. The term programming language usually refers to high-level languages, such as BASIC, C, C++, COBOL, Java, FORTRAN, Ada, and Pascal. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, as an enhancement to the C language and originally named C with Classes but later it was renamed C++ in 1983. TUNES Project Review of Forth. (The name is an acronym for Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. It could take a book rather than a tutorial to do it. Software Design (Java Tutorial) © SERG Software Design Introduction to the Java Programming Language Material drawn from [JDK99,Sun96,Mitchell99,Mancoridis00]. If you use Microsoft's free Visual Studio C# Express, C# is a lot about dragging and dropping. This company was bought out by Oracle Corporation, which continues to keep it up to date. Apex is an object oriented language similar to C# and Java that allows to implement complex business requirements and transactions on the force. abs function. In this part of the Java 2D games tutorial, we will write about some basics needed to create games. This Go programming language example demonstrates how to build a wrapper that can turn any data structure into a transactional service in Go. Tokens in Lua. With that being said, you can always practice some mathematical and reasoning problems to be able to catalyze your process to learn C programming. We defined an array of presidents using a Perl like syntax (except we used brackets instead of parens), and we iterated from 0 (Ruby is 0 based, like most languages), through the final subscript in the presidents array. Learn C Tutorial or C Programming Language Tutorial or what is c programming, C language with programming examples for beginners and professionals covering concepts, control statements, c array, c pointers, c structures, c union, c strings and more. , to your desktop. This is actually an XML file which stores information about other file locations; do NOT edit it. Java Tutorial. A sketch is the name that Arduino uses for a program. This document will try to be a brief introduction to Scheme, just teaching the essentials in order to write Script-Fu scripts, without getting into the programming language theory that is so typical of other Scheme references. The tutorials will focus on MPASM/PicKit2 with the 18F4550, but the general instructions should be applicable for most 18 series devices. Autonomous robots almost always have one or more sensors. These tutorials will cover the basic concepts of the language and help you develop complex programs. Python is a programming language supports several programming paradigms including Object-Orientated Programming (OOP) and functional programming. It's a lot like giving someone directions to your house. The project comprises a simple programming language that gathers inspiration from the original BASIC programming language; a modern and attractive programming environment; and rich, extensible libraries. Computer Programming is fun and easy to learn provided you adopt a proper approach. When CivilizationTM IV (Firaxis Games, published by Take2) was announced, one of the most exciting features was that much of the scripting code will be in python, and the game data in XML. NET Framework. I want this content to provide anyone "walking in off the street" the knowledge to be able to write their first program with the Java programming language with as little pain as possible. Introduction. Even if your basic. Following the cross-plattform idea of wxWidgets, wxBasic is available on Windows, MacOSX and Linux/Ubuntu. Then save the program to a file named samp. • Binding a variable in Python means setting a name to hold a reference to some object. introduces several common Unix programming tools -- gcc, make, gdb, emacs, and the For basic coverage of the C programming language, see CS Education Library. Designed to illustrate the basic principles in layman's language. Here are my ideas about the BASIC programming language. I need to learn Basic macro programming for my job, and I have downloaded some interesting free books available, but that seems to be the only way I find. It's all interactive, and you'll be writing and running code within minutes. Each tutorial is written in depth with examples and detailed explanation. Assembly language has a number of advantages over machine code aside from the obvious increase in readability. A great example of an interactive tutorial for learning programming is Hackety Hack, which provides an easy way to learn the basics of programming using the Ruby language. A BASIC interpreter. The tutorials for each topic are conveniently accessible from a single page, shown in the order it is recommended that they be completed. Introduction to Computer Program. Rust Programming Language Tutorial (Basics), Part 1 Though it's quite difficult to create a programming language better than C, C++, or Java, Mozilla has managed to develop a language that can ensure better security and privacy on the internet. An If statement is used to conditionally execute a series of statements. This is the best FREE resource in Java, as it's from source and contains most up-to-date details about Java Programming language. • To be able to apply different logics to solve given problem. Programming language for. Dictionary of programming languages. and since programming is an important part of the course, some basic program-ming skills must be taught. Python is a programming language that can be used within FME to accomplish tasks either before or after FME runs or to perform tasks within FME which are not possible with standard FME tools and transformers*. com/8bitguy1 Visit my website at: www. Our tutorial provides all the basic and advanced concepts of data analysis and visualization. SAP ABAP Tutorial. C programs are compiled using C compilers and displays output when executed. C is one of the oldest, most popular programming languages, thanks to its near universal portability and early adoption by Tech’s biggest brands, including Microsoft, Apple, Linux, and Oracle. BASIC itself is made up of many ML programs stored in your computer's Read Only Memory (ROM) or sometimes loaded into RAM from disk. Interactive tutorials are a smart choice for those with a tight schedule that want to steadily improve with a few minutes time a day rather than setting aside a large block of time all at once. Contribute projects and ideas, comment on the tutorials you are curious about, and ‘Respect’ the ones you like the most. Assembly Programming Principles. The Module1. Computer Numerical Control Programming Basics Steve Krar Arthur Gill This book is not intended for sale under any circumstances. The C language is known as C language because it is a successor of B language and was developed by Dennis Ritchie. Kemeny and Thomas E. PHP Programming. To learn C++ programming, refer these tutorials in the given order. This programming tutorial series is all about helping you take advantage of C++. We developed the following tutorial based on the philosophy that the beginning student need not understand the details of VHDL -- instead, they should be able to modify examples to build the desired basic circuits. Until very recently, BASIC (in the form of Visual BASIC and Visual BASIC. Visual C++ Express. The basics of each SQL command will be covered in this introductory tutorial. Java has evolved to be the most predominant and popular general purpose programming language of the current age. Suppose you are building an application in C language and in one of your program, you need to perform a same task more than once. Haskell is also a very good programming language for AI. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, as an enhancement to the C language and originally named C with Classes but later it was renamed C++ in 1983. The features of True BASIC which are common to other procedural languages are emphasized. Program Examples. The C Language C is a professional programmer's language. If you find a Programming language tutorial, lesson, or any other resource online that you think would better be included in one of our sections, use our contact page and let us know about it. Here I will highlight some features of C language commonly used in 8 bit embedded platforms like 8051, AVR and PICs. Also see the Step-by-Step Programming section in the New-to-Java Programming Center. Our aim is to create a game programming language that gives new programmers the flexibility and feature set for rapid game development, without the complexity or cost. The traditional procedural language (such as C and Pascal) forces you to think in terms of the structure of the computer (e. Inside the ARM. Modern implementations of BASIC also add important features such as support for structured. • Python determines the type of the reference automatically based on the data object assigned to it. Also, the logic and the QBasic programming skills can be transferred over to Visual Basic. Lesson 2 will be uploaded in a few days Please check out my website. It is an object based (not object oriented) language. I use IDL extensively in my research and teaching and have written an introductory textbook to teach basic scientific programming using IDL. Introduction and Overview. Scala Tutorials. com | Idea22. I want this content to provide anyone "walking in off the street" the knowledge to be able to write their first program with the Java programming language with as little pain as possible. Lesson 1 of my series of tutorials on learning the BASIC programming language. Learn Python An Introductory yet in-depth tutorial for Python beginners. It is pure Windows API tutorial. It is completely free and it is suitable for creating all kinds of applications for business, industry, education and entertainment. Python programs generally are smaller than other programming languages like Java. The node red guide is a series of lectures designed to get you started with Node-RED. This tutorial covers how to package and deploy your ROS project as a snap. This book is a very good overview of the basics of 6502 Machine Language. C is a general-purpose programming language that is extremely popular, simple and flexible. Modern Programming Languages: Fortran90/95/2003/2008 This is an Intermediate Class • You know already one computer language • You understand the very basic concepts: – What is a variable, an assignment, function call, etc. This is Windows API tutorial for the C programming language. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. If you are on a 7. If you need speed and efficiency, C is the best choice. Visual Basic. BASIC-256 is an easy to use version of BASIC designed to teach anybody (especially middle and high-school students) the basics of computer programming. SWIFT Tutorial – Exploring SWIFT basic with Tableview Following the tradition, at WWDC, 2014 Apple has brought an innovation, this time in programming language arena. Welcome to the learncs. H Visual Basic is not, elegant or fast. For each successful submission you will receive a point and move up the CodeChef rank. In-World Tutorials. Covers some of the most important aspects of the language and key packages, across various domains including data analysis, plotting, databases, web, and more. The Java Tutorials are practical guides for programmers who want to use the Java programming language to create applications. This tutorial covers how to package and deploy your ROS project as a snap. ( WRITE is the keyword to print on screen ) WRITE 'Hello World!'. Choosing a communication partner 2. C was the basics language to write everything from operating systems (Windows and many others) to. If you are new to Scala or coming from other programming backgrounds like Java or. This book presents every major C++language feature and the standard library. Suitable for both beginner and professional developers. It is aimed at complete beginners to the subject, and no knowledge is assumed. This tutorial is primarily for new users of this great technology, and we recommend you to go through all the chapters, to get the most out of it as possible. Best free sites for learning how to write code. • To be able to write program using different implementations for the same problem. Ladder Diagram (LD) Programming. Contribute projects and ideas, comment on the tutorials you are curious about, and 'Respect' the ones you like the most. Khan Academy is a nonprofit with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere. The CyberZoïde is one of the very few websites to offer a real programming course in Pascal with many examples and programs annotated for free download. Todd Perkins, author of Programming for Non-Programmers, shows how to use Scratch to create simple web projects and teach yourself basic programming concepts along the way. • Python determines the type of the reference automatically based on the data object assigned to it. Welcome to this ASP. Take a whirlwind tour of your next favorite language. You can choose to build. T-SQL Tutorial is a online tutorial dedicated to all developers beginners and advanced, covering the main areas of tsql language, sql and ms sql server. The emphasis in this course is to learn how to program rather than to learn FORTRAN. Learn Python An Introductory yet in-depth tutorial for Python beginners. Let’s look at the Most Popular Programming Languages Of 2016. Free eBook “Microsoft Small Basic: An Introduction to Programming” from Microsoft. To learn C Programming language you haven't required any previous programming knowledge, but the basic understanding of any other programming languages will help you to understand the C programming concepts quickly. Rust, which only appeared in 2010, has already become one of the most-loved languages by programmers. R Programming: Fundamentals to Advanced is a tour through the most important parts of R, the statistical programming language, from the very basics to complex modeling. in 1979, it is one of a few non-gaming cartridges for the console. It's just like in real-life. The tutorials will focus on MPASM/PicKit2 with the 18F4550, but the general instructions should be applicable for most 18 series devices. 1) This is by far the most comprehensive C. 0 is based on the EcmaScript 4th edition language specification. There will also be two files: Module1. About Haskell Haskell is just one of a number of functional programming languages. This Part 1 of 2 will cover the runtime metaprogramming capabilities of Groovy. Software programming languages for education range from drag and drop graphical software like Scratch to Small Basic and Python. NET Language T his chapter presents an overview of the syntax and primary constructs of the Visual Basic. Here is the popular C programming language topics. Since 2001, Processing has promoted software literacy within the visual arts and visual literacy within technology. Apex is an object oriented language similar to C# and Java that allows to implement complex business requirements and transactions on the force. Section 1: Basic Questions This section aims to deal with basic questions, addressing the role and nature of CGI, and its place in Web programming. Coding in RPG IV - a beginner's tutorial. This C tutorial will give you enough understanding on C programming language from where you can take yourself to higher level of expertise. To learn Java programming, refer these tutorials in the given order. NET programming language for iPad, iPhone and iPod touch. With the word “Basic” being in the name of the language, you can already see that this is a language for beginners. Objective-C itself isnʼt that hard to learn. Feedback, comments, corrections, and errata can be sent to Chua Hock-Chuan ([email protected] Apriorit works with the Rust programming language, and our experience is the basis for this tutorial. The manual explains the basic procedures for creating programs using the SCL editor, SCL compiler and SCL debugger. It is intended to provide examples of code for typical operations one may want to do, not as an introduction to assembly language. OOP – Object Oriented Programming OOP is a particular style of programming which involves a particular way of designing solutions to particular problems. Port numbers and the Service Discovery Protocol 2. A beginners book providing a hands-on introduction to Julia programming through increasingly challenging real-world projects. This is actually an XML file which stores information about other file locations; do NOT edit it. Device Name 2. robot vacuums, lawn mowers, cat litter box, etc). Learning a programming language is a lot like learning a language that people speak like German or French. » Java, created by » Sun Microsystems, is a full computer programming language like C++, suitable for writing complete, large-scale programs. Assignments, basic arithmetic and displaying things on the screen. NET is a standard programming language, so you are more likely to find other NET is generally easier to learn than AutoLISP because of its syntax. embedded systems, operating system kernels), with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design requirements. A programming language is a vocabulary and set of grammatical rules for instructing a computer or computing device to perform specific tasks. Groups of related lessons are organized into "trails". A practical step-by-step Golang tutorial with code samples. The tutorials are designed for beginners absolute who do not have any prior knowledge of C++ programming (or, any other programming languages). According to Microsoft, "ASP. It walks through how to use the Java Platform software to develop a basic network application that uses common Java platform features. As you probably know by now, LÖVE is a framework for making 2D games in the Lua programming language. The rest of the tutorial introduces various features of the Python language and system through examples, beginning with simple expressions, statements and data types, through functions and modules, and finally touching upon advanced concepts like exceptions and user-defined classes. This section contains solved program on various popular topics of C++ Programming Language. Coding in RPG IV - a beginner's tutorial. The course is not organized as a tutorial. Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language. However it is not considered as pure object oriented as it provides support for primitive data types (like int, char, etc). Swift Programming Tutorial for Beginners Programming in Visual Basic. Go ahead and start a new VB Console Application and give it the name Syntax. Python HOWTOs in-depth documents on specific topics. We create a basic application, paint a donut, and display a picture. This is a label in C or BASIC – label: This is a label in batch – :label. (Python 2 and 3) Letsfindcourse - Python: Best Python tutorials and courses recommended by experts. Once you master fundamentals of C# and programming with. Swift is a new programming language for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS app development. This course is about programming in C. R: A self-learn tutorial 1 Introduction R is a software language for carrying out complicated (and simple) statistical analyses. Our Scratch environment •Stage is at upper right (where actors act and information is displayed) •Sprite is another name for actor. Python Programming tutorials from beginner to advanced on a massive variety of topics. The C Language C is a professional programmer's language. • To be able to apply different logics to solve given problem. The Python Programming language works as an extension for customizable applications. Get the training you need to stay ahead with expert-led courses on Programming Languages. Prerequisites. This section contains solved program on various popular topics of C++ Programming Language. That means that the language has objects that you can give commands to. Programmers around the world embrace C because it gives maximum control and efficiency to the programmer. Application developers will find information on exciting topics in more than 1,500 videos. Python Tutorial for Beginners is an amazing tutorial series to understand the basics of Python language and step wise progress to the advanced topics. Tutorial start here. C is a programmer's language. Kurtz as a language for introductory courses in computer science. I then explain them in brackets. •Programming area in center; here is where we. This simply means that ladder logic is described in a standard. From This Blog You Can Learn About The Basic Programming Languages And Can Develop Your Programming Skills Just From Being In Home Itself tutorial , programming. There is a fairly brief tutorial that gives you basic information about the language and gets you started. With QBasic, a user can design computer programs or utilities. Nonetheless, many parts of Swift will be familiar from your experience of developing in C and Objective-C. Net How to Connect Access Database to VB. MMBasic is a free and open BASIC interpreter for 32 bit microcontrollers. The compiler translates those language constructions to the processor's binary language. Go by Example is a hands-on introduction to Go using annotated example programs. SAP ABAP Tutorial. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. Assigns a value to a variable. Plato is a "programming environment". Since 2014, more than 40,000 freeCodeCamp. BASIC means Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. The tutorials are designed for beginners who do not have any prior knowledge of C programming (or, any other programming languages). We write these pages as (recent) learners of the language. C is a general-purpose programming language that is extremely popular, simple and flexible. Learn C Tutorial or C Programming Language Tutorial or what is c programming, C language with programming examples for beginners and professionals covering concepts, control statements, c array, c pointers, c structures, c union, c strings and more. Every program is limited by the language which is used to write it. Structured programming is a procedural programming subset that reduces the need for goto statements. thinBASIC BASIC Programming Language for Windows. Moving forward, this tutorial will focus on Liquid, the Shopify template language. If a page of the book isn't showing here, please add text {{BookCat}} to the end of the page concerned. Scratch is a free kids programming language developed by MIT's Lifelong Kindergarten Lab. A natural model for quantum computation is to treat the quantum computer as a coprocessor, similar to that used for GPUs, FPGAs, and other adjunct processors. Visual Basic is an excellent platform for writing a client or web application that accesses a database , It is Microsoft’s proprietary programming language , Because it is a Microsoft product, it is difficult to move the programs written in Visual Basic to other kinds of operating systems. If you prefer to watch video tutorials with live-coding, then check out this series I recorded with the same contents as in this article: Egghead. NET Compact Framework (CF). Library Reference keep this under your pillow. printf() command is used to print the output onto the screen. A basic understanding of parallel programming in C is required. They are also simple to implement and thus are very useful to learn the basics of a programming language: The examples in these tutorials are all console programs. For each successful submission you will receive a point and move up the CodeChef rank. NET Framework. Another level of abstraction is how Ruby programmers use the Ruby programming language to design and build higher level languages called Domain Specific Languages or DSL's like Rails and Rspec. One of the variations of a language called BASIC is perfect for this first foray into programming. Lesson 1 of my series of tutorials on learning the BASIC programming language. BASIC interpreter for Windows able to create console and gui applications with most of the user interface controls, automate process, automate data exchange, connect to databases, send mails, connect to ftp sites, rest api, parsing strings, tokenizing, traversing xml. Learn X in Y minutes. Early in BASIC's history, its creators, John Kemeny (left) and Thomas Kurtz (center) go over a program with a Dartmouth. Building a dialog menu step by step: A tutorial for beginning scripters on implementing a simple menu dialog system. programming and architecture units that include a brief section covering MIPS assembly language programming. Computer Numerical Control Programming Basics Steve Krar Arthur Gill This book is not intended for sale under any circumstances. Quick Intro - If you are looking for a quick and easy way to teach your kid a real programming language, without downloading anything or buying anything, try these Python tutorials. (This style of tutorial is called programmed learning. The sister language tutorial: C# tutorial. There are two major Python versions, Python 2 and Python 3. A BASIC interpreter. QBasic is an easy to learn computer language. Mainframe Application programming Development Solutions: Free Online IBM Reference Manuals for Mainframe Cobol, Batch Processing, Online Processing, Tools, Editors, Utilities, Databases and Messages. DB2 TUTORIAL, db2 tutorials, COBOL DB2 Tutorial Application programming Reference, DB2 BIND JCL, download ,REFERENCE, DB2 basics, DB2 guide, DB2 certification, mainframe DB2, DB2 Interview questions, IKJEFT01 Utility. I hope that by now you are more comfortable using IntelliJ. Some basic knowledge of object oriented paradigms and component technology might be advantageous but it is not strictly required. Sorry for the interruption. started by using QBASIC. org free interactive C tutorial. The course is not organized as a tutorial. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Although the subject of VGA programming is out of date, this tutorial is still useful for teaching computer graphics, programming old-school DOS games, and developing hobbyist operating systems. Early in BASIC's history, its creators, John Kemeny (left) and Thomas Kurtz (center) go over a program with a Dartmouth. Programming languages such as BASIC, C, and Fortran are called 'High Level Languages'. R: A self-learn tutorial 1 Introduction R is a software language for carrying out complicated (and simple) statistical analyses. ) are made of several elements like verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, propositions, and conjunctions, etc. This Part 1 of 2 will cover the runtime metaprogramming capabilities of Groovy. Also, you'll become familiar with useful methods. Learning a programming language is a lot like learning a language that people speak like German or French. Java has been one of the most popular programming language for many years. printf() command is used to print the output onto the screen. A host variable expression must resolve to an lvalue (i. BASIC (Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use. In fact, I use VC++, but when it comes to having fun, I still turn to DOS programming. Here’s a list of 20 tutorials on how to design your own REST API! This list has been sorted by the programming language used in the tutorial, which makes it easy to find the perfect tutorial for your needs. The original ``official'' C language was the ``K & R'' C, the nickname coming from the names of the two authors of the original ``The C Programming Language''. The book uses Scheme to explain subjects. The course is not organized as a tutorial. NET programming language for iPad, iPhone and iPod touch. Java has evolved to be the most predominant and popular general purpose programming language of the current age. NET has a lot of similarities to Visual Basic but also some differences. Fifty Years of BASIC, the Programming Language That Made Computers Personal. The concept of type was introduced into the early programming languages to simplify interpretation of data made up of 0s and 1s. Learning a programming language is a lot like learning a language that people speak like German or French. Programming Languages. Packaging your ROS project as a snap. Also see the Step-by-Step Programming section in the New-to-Java Programming Center. In this Java Tutorial, we shall start with learning the basic and core concepts of Java. Written by Warren Robinett and released by Atari, Inc. org - tutorials, doc, examples (including httpd in 586 bytes!) Assembly Programming Journal; Assembly tutorials; Assembly Language Programming Tutorial by Brian Brown King of the Hill - The glorious game of Corewar Randall Hyde's win32 assembly language programming site; intel-assembler. Coding in RPG IV - a beginner's tutorial. If you have no programming experience at all, you might still find this tutorial useful; but you also might want to take an introductory programming course. Computer Programming is fun and easy to learn provided you adopt a proper approach. Everyone can program by following these tutorials. An important reason for creating this language is to offer simple subsets and as well as powerful base language. QBasic is an easy to learn computer language. I started to learn objective-C and gave up (it doesn't make ANY sense!), started the Xamarin tutorial and downloaded all the package, here i can program on any mobile platform, i can do almost everything, thank you. Java is a simple, portable, distributed, robust, secure, dynamic, architecture neutral, object oriented programming language. SAP ABAP Tutorial. The tutorial covers the core of the Visual Basic language. This tutorial is for those people who want to learn programming in C++ and do not necessarily have any previous knowledge of other programming languages. A project to make a programming language similar to those traditional Basic implementations but with all the attributes of the modern programming tool. Java programming language - A powerful, general-purpose, platform-independent, object-oriented programming language. The wikibook contains a comprehensive guide to F# programming. Welcome to the learncs. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: